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Vitrectomy Surgery

A vitrectomy is a surgical procedure in which all or parts of the vitreous humor in the center of the eye is removed. A vitrectomy may be performed as a stand alone procedure, or as a procedure to help the doctor reach the retina for treatment. There are a few reasons why a person might need a vitrectomy. If a patient has a retinal detachment, removing the vitreous gel give your eye surgeon better access to the back of the eye. If a vitreous hemorrhage occur and does not clear on it's own, a vitrectomy can help to restore lost vision.

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Other conditions that may be resolved with a vitectomy:

During the procedure, the eye doctor will insert small instruments into the eye in order to remove the vitreous gel. After a vitrectomy for a retinal detachment, a silicone oil or a gas bubble will be injected into the eye to press the retina against the wall of the eye. This is done The oil does not get absorbed by the body, so once the retina has healed properly, the oil will be removed via a second procedure.

As with any surgery, there are complications that can occur with a vitrectomy. Aside from usual surgical complications, such as infection, a vitrectomy can cause retinal detachment. Common complications are elevated intraocular pressure, bleeding inside of the eye, and cataract development. Many patients develop a cataract within the first few years after surgery.

Following the procedure, patients will use eye drops for several weeks, and heavy lifting is generally discouraged for a few weeks. If a gas bubble is used to position the retina, there may be specific instructions provided by your doctor, such as face down positioning or sleeping facing the right or left side. The gas bubb;e will dissolve over time, but takes several weeks. Flying should be avoided while the gas bubble remains. You will have frequent follow-up appointments, and if any problems associated with the original conditions arise, you should inform your doctor immediately.

Our surgeons here at Long Island Surgical Associates are top notch, very experienced and understanding. Choosing a surgeon to perform your vitrectomy can be daunting, but rest assured that when you choose Long Island Surgical Associates, you are in good hands!


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